Quern stones were used for grinding grain after it was harvested and dried before being cooked. They come in two styles, saddle querns and rotary querns. A saddle quern is essentially a flat stone and a grinding ‘pebble’ which crushes the grain. These were used from mesolithic times until the iron age. A rotary quern stone is a ‘machine’ with a mill stone sitting on top of a furrowed ‘bed’ stone. The pattern in the lower stone collects the ground material. Over the years I have carved many examples using designs copied from ancient querns during my visits to museums where I handled and studied the subtleties of the design and tool marks. My querns are made to be used, often in classroom settings where the history of farming, food and diet can be explored.